Saturday, October 24, 2020

Drones In India, Are We Ready For The Take-off?

Drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that’s primarily used in the military for strikes, surveillance, and carrying ammunition. About thirty per cent of drones across the world have non-military uses in commercial, scientific, recreational, agricultural and other fields. The Indian military has deployed drones for tracking enemy movements along international borders, in rescue missions, and emergency services. 

Automated drones can be programmed to be controlled by an AI application for routine jobs and sometimes do not require human intervention. The drones flight-path can be pre-programmed along with the use of computer vision; they can achieve a wide array of tasks in remote areas or areas that are difficult to navigate for people. Drones are being used for development purposes like aerial mapping and monitoring critical infrastructures like ports and power plants. The most important feature of a drone is its ability to go to places that are difficult for a person to reach and the ability to zoom in and see things in detail. Unfortunately, this is its most significant disadvantage too because it poses a great threat to personal and national security. 

To talk about some sectors: 

Healthcare: Drones can be used for the collection of blood samples and for delivery of medicines, especially in a geographically diverse country like India where travel by road is often not the fastest. Mountains with treacherous roads, dense forests, flooded areas are places where the sick have difficulty accessing healthcare. Drones will be able to save critical time and eventually, lives. Transport of organs from a donor to a recipient through cities with heavy traffic is again one of those cases that will benefit greatly from drone deliveries. 

Agriculture: Drones can be used for aerial survey to collect data about the soil, monitor crop health, spray fertilisers and analyse the weather. Paired with camera and computer vision, this could enable a fast tracing of diseases and save time and money for the farmers.

Disaster management (Rescue and relief): The most impairing aspect of a disaster is the inability to reach people because of roads being damaged. Drones can be used to survey areas, and send live information about trapped people, drop supplies to remote places and also help in planning rescue operations. 

Entertainment: Drones are used for several creative renditions already, shooting long sweeping shots for landscapes, marriage photography, movies and tv-series. 

24/10/20 Kunal Kislay/Analytics India Mag

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