You don't need a licence to operate your 'wireless' mobile phone. But aviation rules stipulate that a pilot must have a radio telephonic licence from ministry of communication to fly planes. The radio telephonic licence is a concept from an era where wireless communication was limited. America does not require its commercial pilots to have this licence.
Any police officer above the rank of constable can ask for the pilots' licence for inspection. The security team of a SPG protectee recently did just that. Indian skies may be home to the world's most modern aircraft but the country's civil aviation is still governed by rules framed over eight decades ago. Though amended from time to time, several gems like the ones mentioned above remain in force even today under the Aircraft Act, 1934 and Aircraft Rules, 1937.
10/12/16 Saurabh Sinha/The Times Of India